Australian Skilled Migration Visas: The 190 Visa Explained

By | February 23, 2024

Permanent residency visas in Australia that don’t require employer sponsorship. These visas, known as skilled migration visas, offer a pathway to residency without needing a job offer upfront.

The 189 visa, also called the skilled independent visa. in today’s article, we explore the 190 Visa, often referred to as the skilled nominated visa.

The 190 Visa Explained

The 190 Visa shares many similarities with the 189 Visa, but there are key differences worth exploring. Unlike the 189 Visa, the 190 Visa involves state nomination. This means you must nominate a specific state or territory in Australia where you intend to live and work. For the first two years after receiving the visa, you’re required to settle in the nominated state.

Why Choose the 190 Visa?

You might wonder why someone would choose the 190 Visa over the 189 Visa. One major advantage is the additional five points it offers towards your total migration points.

These extra points can be crucial for some applicants, especially if they’re close to meeting the minimum point requirement.

State Nomination and Settlement Restrictions

Another difference is the requirement for state nomination, which isn’t a factor for the 189 Visa. While this provides an opportunity for some, it also comes with limitations. You’re bound to the nominated state for the initial two years of residency, impacting your flexibility in choosing where to live and work within Australia.

Application Process

The application process for the 190 Visa is similar to that of the 189 Visa. It starts with expressing interest through SkillSelect, the online portal for skilled migration applications. Once you receive a nomination from a state and an invitation to apply, you can proceed with your visa application.

Key Steps in the Application Process

Before expressing interest, ensure you’ve completed your skills assessment and met the English language requirements specific to your occupation. These are crucial prerequisites for eligibility. Additionally, research the skilled occupation list to confirm your occupation’s availability for the 190 Visa.

State Nomination and Occupation Lists

While the skilled occupation list indicates visa eligibility, it doesn’t specify which states accept your occupation. You’ll need to consult each state’s skilled migration list to determine if your occupation aligns with their needs. This step is essential for nominating the right state in your visa application.

SkillSelect and Document Preparation

Once you’ve completed these preliminary steps, you can proceed to express interest on SkillSelect. Remember to provide accurate information backed by evidence. Upon receiving a positive outcome, gather all required documents for the visa application, including your skills assessment and English language test results.

Medical Examinations and Finalizing Documents

Before applying for the visa, it’s advisable to complete your medical examinations. Having all your documents ready beforehand streamlines the application process. Remember, thorough preparation is key to a successful application.

No Proof of Funds Required

One common misconception is the need for proof of funds for skilled migration visas like the 189 and 190. Unlike temporary visas, permanent residency visas do not require proof of financial capacity. This is because they grant unrestricted residency rights in Australia.


Knowing the differences between the 190 and 189 visas is essential for making an informed decision about your migration journey.

While the 190 Visa offers additional points and state nomination benefits, it also comes with settlement restrictions.

By following the application process diligently and preparing all necessary documents, you can maximize your chances of securing a successful outcome.

Remember, thorough research and preparation are key to navigating Australia’s skilled migration program effectively.

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