Moving to Poland, Basic Things To Know Yourself

By | February 23, 2024

Thinking about making Poland your new home? You’re not alone! Poland boasts a thriving economy, beautiful scenery, and a welcoming culture, making it an attractive destination for many.

But before you pack your bags, there are a few essential things you need to know.


This guide will provide you with a detailed overview of what to expect when moving to Poland, covering everything from visa requirements and healthcare options to finding an apartment and navigating public transportation.

Essential Documents

  • EU Citizens: If you’re from the European Union, Norway, Iceland, Lichtenstein, or Switzerland, you can freely enter Poland and stay for up to 3 months without any additional paperwork.
  • Visas: For stays longer than 3 months, you’ll need a visa. The two main types are:
    1. Schengen Visa (Type C): Allows stays up to 90 days.
    2. National Visa (Type D): Allows stays up to a year.
  • Work Permit: If you’re moving to Poland for work, your employer will likely need to apply for a work permit on your behalf before you can apply for a visa.
  • Proof of Funds: When applying for a visa, you’ll need to demonstrate that you have sufficient financial resources to support yourself during your stay.

Health Insurance:

  1. Travel Insurance: When applying for a visa, you’ll need travel health insurance to cover any emergencies during your initial stay.
  2. Public Health Insurance: Once you’re employed in Poland, you’ll automatically be enrolled in the public health insurance system.
  3. European Health Insurance Card (EHIC): EU citizens can apply for an EHIC which grants access to public healthcare in Poland and other EU countries.

Finding Accommodation:

  • Rental Market: Renting an apartment is the most common option for newcomers. You can search online or through rental agencies.
  • Average Costs: Expect to pay around 1000 PLN for a room in a shared apartment, 2000 PLN for a studio, and 2500 PLN for a 1-bedroom apartment (these are averages and can vary depending on location).
  • Deposits: Landlords typically require a deposit of 1-3 months’ rent, which will be returned to you at the end of your tenancy.
  • Rental Agreements: Always sign a written rental agreement outlining your rights and responsibilities.

Money Matters:

  1. Currency: Poland uses the Polish Złoty (PLN).
  2. Cashless Payments: Poland is a largely cashless society, with most shops and service providers accepting card payments.
  3. ATMs: ATMs are widely available throughout the country.
  4. Bank Accounts: Opening a Polish bank account in PLN can be helpful for managing your finances and avoiding currency exchange fees.

Shopping and Services:

Variety: Poland offers a wide range of goods and services, from local brands to international chains.


Sunday Closures: Most large shopping malls and supermarkets are closed on Sundays. However, smaller convenience stores remain open.


English Proficiency: While Polish is the official language, English is widely spoken, especially in larger cities and among younger generations. Learning some basic Polish phrases will be appreciated by locals and can make your daily life easier.


  • Public Transport: Well-developed public transportation systems are available in major cities like Warsaw, Krakow, and Wrocław.
  • Driving: As an EU citizen, you can drive in Poland with your valid EU driving license. Non-EU citizens will need an international driving permit.
  • Travel: Poland’s location makes it a great base for exploring other European countries by bus, train, or plane.

Checklist for Moving to Poland:


3 Months Before:

  • Obtain travel health insurance.
  • Ensure your employer applies for a work permit (if applicable).
  • Apply for a visa (if required).

2 Months Before:

  • Start searching for an apartment.
  • Learn some basic Polish phrases.

1 Month Before:

  • Apply for an EHIC (if applicable).
  • Open a Polish bank account and obtain a debit card.
  • Book your travel to Poland.

Ready to embark on your Polish adventure? With its welcoming atmosphere, diverse offerings, and strategic location, Poland has something to offer everyone. So, start planning your move and get ready to experience all that this vibrant country has to offer!


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