Working in Poland: Salary system, benefits, taxes | Guide for Foreigners

By | February 23, 2024

Thinking about working in Poland? You’re not alone! Poland boasts the third-lowest unemployment rate in the European Union, meaning there are plenty of opportunities to find a job.

This guide will give you a clear and concise overview of what to expect when working in Poland, covering everything from types of contracts and salaries to employee rights and benefits.


Types of Work Agreements

Employment Contract (umowa o pracę): This is the most common type of contract, offering stability and benefits like paid vacation, sick leave, and maternity leave.

Contract of Mandate (umowa zlecenie): This is a flexible option, often used for freelance work or part-time jobs. It offers basic insurance but no paid vacation.


Specific-Task Contract (umowa o dzieło): This is ideal for one-off projects and doesn’t guarantee any benefits.

Self-Employment: You can run your own business and enjoy flexibility, but you’ll be responsible for taxes and paperwork.

Important Information for Foreigners:


Work Permit: Depending on your citizenship and visa, you might need a work permit to work legally in Poland.

PESEL Number: This is a tax identification number required for filing taxes.

Minimum and Average Wages:

Minimum Wage: Currently around 2200 zł net (after taxes and deductions).

Average Wage: Around 4400 zł net.

Salaries vary depending on your industry, experience, and location.


First 30,000 zł tax-free.

17% tax rate up to 120,000 zł per year.

32% tax rate above 120,000 zł.

Employees under 26 are exempt from income tax.

Employee Rights and Benefits:

26 days of paid vacation per year, plus 13 public holidays.

Paid sick leave (80% of your pay).

Maternity leave: Up to 52 weeks, with full pay for the first 20 weeks and 60% pay for the following 32 weeks.

Extended post-maternity leave: Up to 3 years without pay, but you keep your health insurance and pension benefits.

Notice period: Varies based on seniority (2 weeks to 3 months).

Standard work day: 8 hours, with a 15-minute break.

Flexible work arrangements: Becoming increasingly common in many companies.

Finding a Job:

  • The biggest job board in Poland (available in Polish and Ukrainian, with some English listings).
  • Popular for creative industries, often displaying salary ranges.

This is just a general overview. Research specific details and seek professional guidance if needed.

Ready to embark on your Polish work adventure? With its thriving economy, welcoming environment, and attractive benefits, Poland might just be the perfect place for you!


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